Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious oral health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. This silent condition is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, leading to inflammation, redness, and bleeding. In its early stages, gum disease is reversible with proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups. However, if left untreated, it can progress to advanced stages, causing tooth loss and other serious complications. In this blog, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gum disease, as well as tips for preventing it in the first place. Whether you’re looking to improve your oral health or are concerned about gum disease, this is the blog for you.
What Is The Main Cause Of Gum Disease and Gingivitis?
The main cause of gum disease and gingivitis is the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums when we eat or drink sugary or starchy foods. If plaque is not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it can harden and turn into tartar, which is much harder to remove. Tartar can trap bacteria and food particles, leading to inflammation and infection of the gums. This is known as gingivitis, which is the early stage of gum disease.
Gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. It is usually painless, which is why many people don’t realize they have it. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress to more advanced stages of gum disease, known as periodontitis. Periodontitis is characterized by deep pockets between the teeth and gums, bone loss, and eventually, tooth loss.
It’s important to note that gum disease is not just caused by poor oral hygiene, although it is a major risk factor. Other factors that can contribute to gum disease include genetics, hormonal changes, certain medical conditions, and certain medications.
Regular dental checkups and professional cleanings can help prevent and treat gum disease. Good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing, are also essential. If you have any concerns about your gums or oral health, don’t hesitate to speak with your dentist.
What Are The Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease/Gingivitis?
The signs and symptoms of gum disease and gingivitis can vary depending on the stage of the condition. In the early stage, known as gingivitis, the most common signs and symptoms include:
Red, swollen, and bleeding gums
Gums that are sensitive to the touch
Gums that are tender or painful when brushing or flossing
Gums that appear shiny or bright red
A bad taste or bad breath that won’t go away
As gum disease progresses to more advanced stages, known as periodontitis, the signs and symptoms may become more severe and include:
Deep pockets between the teeth and gums
Loose or shifting teeth
It’s important to note that gum disease is often painless in the early stages, which is why regular dental checkups and professional cleanings are so important. Your dentist or dental hygienist can detect and treat gum disease before it becomes a serious problem.
If you notice any of the above signs and symptoms, it’s important to schedule an appointment with your dentist right away. They can conduct a thorough examination of your teeth and gums and determine the best course of treatment for you. With early detection and proper treatment, gum disease can be reversed and the progression can be stopped.
What Is The Best Treatment For Gum Disease?
The best treatment for gum disease depends on the stage of the condition and the severity of the symptoms. In the early stages of gingivitis, good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups are often enough to reverse the condition and prevent it from progressing. This may include:
Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
Flossing daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth
Using an antiseptic mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen breath
Scheduling regular dental checkups and professional cleanings
If gum disease has progressed to more advanced stages, known as periodontitis, more aggressive treatment may be necessary. This may include:
Scaling and root planing: a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the teeth and roots
Antibiotic therapy: using antibiotics to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation
Surgery: in severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue, reduce deep pockets, or repair damaged bone
Note that gum disease is a chronic condition that requires ongoing maintenance and care to keep it under control. In addition to the above treatments, you will also need to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and controlling diabetes, if you have these conditions, to improve your chances of success.
Gum disease is a serious oral health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. But with proper oral hygiene, regular dental checkups, and appropriate treatment, it can be prevented, treated, and even reversed. If you have any concerns about your gums or oral health, don’t hesitate to speak with your dentist. They are the best people to guide you through the treatment process and help you achieve optimal oral health.
It’s important to note that gum disease is a chronic condition that requires ongoing maintenance and care to keep it under control. In addition to the above treatments, you will also need to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and controlling diabetes, if you have these conditions, to improve your chances of success.
Gum disease is a common yet serious oral health issue that can have a significant impact on your overall well-being if left untreated. Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene practices are essential in preventing and treating gum disease.
It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of gum disease, such as red, swollen, and bleeding gums, and to seek treatment as soon as possible. Your dentist can provide a thorough examination of your teeth and gums and provide a personalized treatment plan to address your specific needs.
This condition is preventable and treatable, and early detection is key to achieving optimal oral health. Don’t hesitate to speak with our dentists if you have any concerns about your gums or oral health.
An implant is a metal post or frame that is surgically placed beneath the gums in the jawbone. Once in place, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth onto them.
In the case of periodontal disease, an injury, or another cause of tooth loss, dental implants may be the ideal solution. While high-quality dental implants can be expensive, they are usually a much better long-term investment than bridges or dentures.
If you are considering dental implants, the first step is to schedule a consultation with your dentist. An X-ray and oral examination will be performed by your dentist during the consultation to determine whether you are a candidate for dental implants. If you are, the dentist will develop a treatment plan customized for you.
The successful placement of dental implants requires both surgical and restorative expertise. As such, it is important to choose a dentist or oral surgeon who has extensive experience in placing dental implants.
While dental implants are typically safe, as with any surgery, there are some risks involved. These include infection, damage to surrounding teeth, and nerve damage. Be sure to discuss any concerns you have with your dentist before having implant surgery.
If you are missing one or more teeth and would like to learn more about dental implants, schedule a consultation with your dentist today.
Who is a Good Candidate for Dental Implants?
Here are things to consider before getting a dental implant:
First and foremost, it is important to have healthy gums. If you have periodontal disease, you must be treated before dental implant surgery.
Secondly, you must have enough bone to support the implant. If your jawbone shrinks due to tooth loss, you may need a bone graft before dental implants are placed.
Finally, it is important to be in generally good health. This means that you do not have any uncontrolled medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease. If you are considering dental implants, be sure to talk to your dentist to see if you are a good candidate for this procedure.
What is the Downside of Dental Implants?
One of the most common complications associated with dental implants is infection. Because the implants are placed directly into the jawbone, there is a risk of bacteria entering the wound and causing an infection. This can lead to discomfort, swelling, and, eventually, implant failure. Another potential downside of dental implants is nerve damage. If the nerves in the jaw are damaged during surgery, it can lead to numbness or tingling in the lips, gums, and chin. In rare cases, this nerve damage can be permanent. Finally, dental implants are a major surgery, and as with any surgery, there is always a risk of complications such as bleeding or bruising. Therefore, before undergoing implant surgery, it is important to discuss all of the risks with your dentist so that you can make an informed decision.
Dental implants are a popular solution for missing teeth, but they are not right for everyone. One downside of dental implants is the cost. Unlike dentures or bridges, which can be made in a dental lab, a dentist must surgically place implants in the jawbone. This procedure is usually done in stages, and each stage carries a separate fee. In addition, insurance companies often do not cover the cost of implants, so patients may have to pay out of pocket. Another potential downside of implants is that there is a risk of surgical complications, such as infection or nerve damage. In some cases, the implant may not bond properly with the bone, which can lead to instability and pain. As with any surgery, there are also risks associated with anesthesia. Before undergoing implant surgery, it is important to discuss all of the risks and benefits with your dentist to ensure that it is the right decision for you.
What is the Upside of Dental Implants?
When you need to replace one or more teeth, dental implants are a great option. They are implanted into the jawbone, providing a sturdy base for artificial teeth. This means that they look and feel just like natural teeth and also help preserve the jawbone’s health. Additionally, dental implants are much less likely to cause problems such as infection or inflammation than other tooth replacement options such as dentures.
Many people worry about losing their teeth as they get older. While it’s true that our teeth can start to wear down and become less strong over time, there’s no need to panic. Thanks to advances in dental technology, we now have a range of options for replacing missing teeth. One of the most popular and effective solutions is dental implants.
What to Ask Before Getting Dental Implants
First, it is important to find out if you are a good candidate for implants. This will involve an evaluation of your overall health, as well as an assessment of the condition of your teeth and gums. Next, you will need to discuss the different types of implants available and decide which one is right for you. The dentist will also be able to give you an estimate of the cost of the procedure and let you know what insurance coverage you may have. Finally, it is important to ask about the dentist’s experience with implants and get a sense of their level of expertise. By asking these questions upfront, you can be sure that you are making the best decision for your smile.
If you’re considering dental implants, talk to Akemi Dental Specialists to find out if they’re the right solution for you.
A periodontist is a dental specialist who prevents, diagnoses and treats gum diseases like periodontitis and gingivitis. A periodontist’s procedures include deep gum cleaning and other therapies like root canals, implant placement, tooth extraction, jaw bone surgery and cosmetic dental procedures.
You need to see a periodontist if you want to enhance your smile, treat gum recession, loose teeth, bleeding gums or persistent bad breath.
Why See a Periodontist Instead of Your General Dentist?
Although general dentists can perform periodontal procedures, you should see a periodontist because they have specialized expertise, extensive experience and advanced skills.
Periodontists treat gum diseases promptly and minimize the harm that can happen to your gums and teeth.
Now, it’s time to learn the three reasons to see a periodontist.
Reason 1: You Need Tooth Removal
A dentist can perform a tooth extraction, but the procedure is painful. In addition, the underlying bones can be damaged, and you might need another operation to help bone regeneration.
The conventional methods used by the dentist to remove teeth can harm the surrounding bones and tissues and reduce the chances of being able to use dental implants.
However, if you consult a periodontist for tooth removal, the jaws and connective tissues are subjected to less trauma, leaving a stable foundation for future dental implants.
Periodontists are meticulous in their procedures. Therefore, they decrease the likelihood of you needing a bone graft. In fact, for most patients attended to by a periodontist, dental implants can be placed on the same day as tooth removal to decrease the need for another surgical procedure.
Early Warning Signs
A gum abscess (collection of pus within the affected tooth leading to the formation of a bump on the gums).
What Are the Consequences of an Untreated Abscess?
Untreated gum abscesses can pull the gum away, leaving more room for bacteria to spread and grow. The infection will then spread to the bone tissues causing tooth loss.
If you think you have a gum abscess, please make an appointment with the periodontist as early as possible.
Reason 2: Bone Loss
When a tooth or root infection is left untreated for too long, it damages the jaw bone. It will also alter the contours of the face, giving you a funny appearance. Thin and degenerated jawbones can’t support the facial muscles adequately. Thus, you’ll have a sunken face that looks old prematurely.
The periodontist usually replaces and repairs the areas around the natural teeth. The massively damaged tooth is extracted. Importantly, prompt treatment is paramount to prevent excessive bone and tooth loss.
Early Warning Signs
Painless gum or jawbone disease.
Reason 3: Any Procedure Involving Tissue Sculpting or Grafting
Gums are of paramount importance because they protect your teeth from decay, bone loss and intense sensitivity by offering protection to the pup cavity. If the gum tissues are eroded, the condition is called gum recession. Gum recession puts you at risk of losing your precious teeth if the surgical intervention is delayed.
If you have to undergo a procedure that involves tissue sculpting or grafting, you need to see a periodontist. The gum disease specialist will reposition the gum tissues over the exposed tooth through gum grafting or tissue sculpting.
Benefits of Tissue Sculpting or a Gum Graft:
Prevents excessive tissue or gum loss
Protects your tooth from decay and possible bone loss
Gum recession is a serious dental issue, but not all cases will require surgical management. To maintain healthy gums, brush your teeth daily and periodically visit the periodontist.
Early Warning Symptoms
Tooth sensitivity is a warning that your gums are receding. Exposure of the tooth roots might be the problem if you feel exaggerated teeth sensitivity, particularly near the gum-line. Schedule an appointment with a periodontist to identify the cause of sensitivity on your teeth.
Tissue Sculpting to Improve Your Smile
Tissue sculpting is reshaping the areas around your teeth and removing the excess gum tissues. The procedure is important to prevent gums from dominating your smile. Therefore, if you have a gummy smile or you want to improve your smile, a periodontist will do tissue sculpting so that you don’t have teeth that are too small or too short.
What Is Involved in the Process?
Tissue sculpting usually takes approximately 30 minutes. Your periodontist will do the following:
Clean the gums and teeth
Numb the gum tissues using a local anesthesia
Lessen gum tissues around the affected teeth
Remove excess bone and gum tissues to expose the crown of each tooth
Reshape remaining tissues
Apply dental bandages or suture the operated areas
Once gums have healed, the proportion of teeth and gums is significantly improved to enhance the quality of your smile.
Do You Think You Need to See a Periodontist?
If you’re experiencing bleeding gums, receding gums, bad breath, sensitive teeth, difficulty chewing, loose teeth, swollen gums, or painless jaw disease, you need to see a periodontistwithout delays.
Early treatment of gum disease is important to prevent it from getting worse, turning complex or becoming more costly to manage.
Have you ever felt tender, swollen, or puffy gums with bad breath? Do you have red receding gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss? We call that gingivitis. Gingivitis is a common form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness, and inflammation of your gingiva, the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. It’s essential to take gingivitis seriously and treat it promptly. This problem can lead to much more severe gum disease called periodontitis and tooth loss. For that reason, we’ll tell you some skills you need to learn to avoid gingivitis. The most important thing is to visit the endodontist to see how your gums are doing. Depending on what they say or the damage you have, they’ll guide you further.
It would be best if you tried to brush your teeth after every meal because when we eat without brushing our teeth, especially in the morning, food and bacteria will build up, which leads to increased acid production. This type of acid caused by harmful bacteria is very damaging to enamel. It can cause enamel erosion and cavities, as well as gingivitis. Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gingivitis. Be careful when eating a meal because you can accidentally damage your gums. Aggressive action can cause a redness we call inflammation. We must be cautious even when we eat, and we must do it gently and without haste to not hurt our gums.
If you are treating and preventing gingivitis, let me explain another thing: you have to avoid as much plaque as you conceivably can. Plaque, the sticky film holding bacteria that builds around the gum line and teeth, and bacterias are the fundamental reasons for gingivitis. It’s essential to know plaque produces toxins that irritate your gums and begin a chain reaction of redness, swelling, and bleeding. But don’t panic about these gingivitis symptoms. If you catch it early, you can fight plaque and the bacteria that comes with it reasonably quickly with many gingivitis treatments. The best medicine is prevention. If you have a busy day and cannot brush your teeth after every meal, make sure you brush for 2 minutes, two times every day.
You can start at home fixing gingivitis. We can say it is necessary to brush your teeth to eliminate plaque. You have to eat healthy food, less caffeine, and soda. Another step is using about 18 inches of floss, wind most of it around the middle finger of one hand, and wind a small piece around the middle finger of the other hand and pull it gently between your teeth, unwinding fresh floss as you move from tooth to tooth. Slide the floss between each tooth, curving it into a shape at the gum line to slide between the teeth and gums.
How Do Dentists Treat Gingivitis?
First, the dentist needs to be sure you have gingivitis based on your mouth, teeth, tongue, and most importantly, your gums. They will look for signs of plaque and inflammation. Treatment usually cures symptoms of gingivitis and prevents its progression to more severe gum disease and tooth loss. Most of the time, when you have gingivitis and bloody gums, you don’t feel pain. You have the best chance for triumphant treatment when you adopt a daily hygiene routine at home.
Specialists provide professional dental cleaning. This will include removing all traces of plaque, tartar, and bacteria, a procedure known as scaling and root planing. Scaling takes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums. Disarranged teeth or deficient crowns, bridges, or other dental reconstructions may irritate your gums and make it difficult to take off plaque during daily oral care. Usually, a professional cleaning clears up the Gingivitis as long as you continue good oral hygiene at home. Your endodontist will help you plan an effective at-home program. Get regular professional dental cleanings on a schedule recommended by your dentist.
Also, the dentist trusts you to have a dental hygiene plan at home. You can brush your teeth twice a day, but better yet, after every food or snack. Use a gentle toothbrush and replace it every three to four months. Consider using an electric toothbrush, which may be more effective at removing daily plaque and tartar. To help to dislodge plaque between your teeth, use a mouth rinse. Dentists recommend you supplement brushing and flossing with an interdental cleaner, such as a dental stick specially designed to clean between your teeth. Don’t smoke or chew tobacco.
How Long Will It Take To Reverse Gingivitis?
A dentist or oral hygienist will check for symptoms, such as plaque and tartar in the oral cavity. If diagnosis happens early and treatment is prompt and proper, a person may treat gingivitis at home with good oral hygiene. Your dentist may also order tests to check for signs of periodontitis, such as an X-ray. Periodontal probing can be done by using an instrument that measures pocket depths around a tooth. That will let you know the severity of gingivitis you have. Your red or dark gums often resolve with good oral hygiene. To have perfect hygiene, it all depends on how you treat your teeth when brushing or eating, such as more prolonged and more frequent brushing and regular flossing. In addition, an antiseptic mouthwash may help.
Depending on the type of gingivitis you have and the severity of your case, you will see a better result.
Gingivitis is a non-destructive type of gum disease, it is an early form and typically produces mild symptoms. The most advisable thing to do is have good oral hygiene; By having good habits, we take care of our mouth and our body. Brush your teeth carefully whenever necessary, and avoid foods with dyes and fizzy drinks. If you have bad breath, if you see that your gums turn red and bleed when you eat something or every time you brush your teeth, you already know that it is gingivitis. The best thing to fix gingivitis is healthy mouth care at home, visiting your dentist, and having excellent oral hygiene.
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(818) 990-6222 for Dr. Cynthia Tatsuta
(818) 990-5222 for Dr. Matthew Okui
16055 Ventura Blvd. Suite #820, Encino, CA 91436
Mon, Fri: 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM,
Sat – Sun: Closed
Mon, Fri: 6:30 AM – 4:00 PM,
Tue, Thu: 6:30 AM – 5:00 PM,
Wed: 6:30 AM – 2:00 PM,
Sat – Sun: Closed
About Akemi Dental
Akemi Dental Specialists features the skill and expertise of Endodontist Dr. Tatsuta DDS and Periodontist Dr. Okui DDS.
Both Encino dentists are known for their skill at building a solid foundation for dental health and tooth preservation.
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Akemi Dental Specialists, 16055 Ventura Blvd. Suite #820, Encino, CA 91436